Wednesday, June 24, 2009

Rheumatoid Arthritis Requires Disease Treatment and Symptom Treatment

There is a difference between disease control and pain control for Rheumatoid Arthritis.

There is no cure for RA. You probably gathered that from yesterday’s blog. However, there are medications which can curb many of the effects of RA by actually cutting it back.

These are the medicines referred to as DMARDs: disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. The most common are methotrexate and Plaquenil. There are others, but those are used the most today because they are considered the most safe and effective.

Biologics like Humira, Remicade, and Enbrel are also used to attack the disease. Think of them as a newer subgroup of DMARDs. For a very few people, DMARDs bring on a thorough remission of the Rheumatoid Arthritis.

If you have taken them, though, you know that they are not a cure. They reduce the disease by attacking the immune cells which attack us. But those immune cells continue to multiply and fight back. That’s one reason that I say this is like war.

The disease has its weapons – various B and T cells and the cytokines they produce. And you have yours – medications, nutrition, and various therapies. If we had a cure for Rheumatoid Arthritis, then we could fire that ONE weapon and be done with it. Someday we’ll be there.
Meanwhile, back at the ranch…

We sit in our tank and fire our big DMARD guns at the RA. And we cut the enemy down to a more manageable size. But, then we still have to deal with what I call the “leftovers” – the many symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis which are left after the DMARD has worked its magic.

To fight those, we use “extra” medications which include the following:

Steroids, which reduce inflammation quite effectively;

NSAIDs, which also reduce inflammation and pain, but less effectively;

Various other types of pain relievers or pain blockers, including narcotics;

Treatments, therapies, and medications for every other extra-articular symptom of RA such as drops for dry eyes, iron for anemia, heart disease medications, anti-depressants, or medications for relaxation and sleep, yoga, and massage therapy.

As warriors against Rheumatoid Arthritis, we usually try to take as little total medication as we can take – and still be able to live our lives fully. Most RA patients live with lots of “leftover” pain.

Why is that?

There are 3 reasons for this:

1) We want to protect our organs from permanent damage due to long term use of too much medication.

2) We want to avoid side effects of medications, which often compound some symptoms of the RA.

3) We do not like being judged as weak by others because we are dependent upon medication.

It can be hard when you are deciding whether to take more medicine so that you can get out of bed or whether you want to save your stomach, liver, or kidneys. It’s like a game of Risk.

It is war. So we need to be strategic. If we are going to use any “big guns,” then they should be the ones which can do the most damage to the enemy.

If we were shopping, we’d ask: What will give me the most bang for my buck? Usually, that means giving priority to taking whatever combination of DMARDs will provide us the most disease control possible. Then, after that, we decide how we’ll go after the leftovers. We have to - so that we can function.

It’s not a perfect strategy, but it will do until the cavalry comes – with the cure.

2 comments:

Robin said...

Oh my gosh - this blog is wonderful! I am so glad I found it.

Leftovers - that is exactly what they are. Was trying to discuss this with my Rheumatologist today.

Kelly said...

Robin,
I am going to go tomorrow...

Glad you found us too. Thanks, You made my day. :D